Internal Medicine is a medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults. This branch of medicine deals with the diagnosis and (non-surgical) treatment of diseases of the internal organs. Specialties of internal medicine include prevention, diagnosis, and care of adults with general illness, disease and injury.
Subspecialties of internal medicine include allergy and immunology, cardiology (heart), endocrinology (hormone disorders), hematology (blood disorders), infectious diseases, gastroenterology (diseases of the gut), nephrology (kidney diseases), oncology (cancer), pulmonology (lung disorders), and rheumatology (arthritis and musculoskeletal disorders).
This branch of medicine is particularly concerned with the health of the female organs of reproduction and related diseases, but focusing on disorders of the female reproductive organs.
Commonly, gynecologists deal with menstrual disorders, menopause, infectious disease and maldevelopment of the reproductive organs, disturbances of the sex hormones, benign and malignant tumor formation, and the prescription of contraceptive devices.
Dermatology, a unique specialty with both medical and surgical aspects, and it deals with the treatment of skin conditions and diseases, including disorders of the mouth, hair, and nails. Dermatologists also study the structure and function of the skin and the relationship between skin pathologies and malfunctions of other organs of the body.
Sports medicine specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating injuries related to participating in sports and/or exercise, specifically the rotation or deformation of joints or muscles caused by engaging in athletic or sports-related physical activities.
Sports Medicine can be categorized into a few different aspects: Preparation (conditioning) uses diet, exercises, and monitoring of practice sessions to improve performance. Prevention identifies any predisposition to injury or illness and covers warm-up, stretching, and use of protective equipment. Several surgical techniques developed in sports medicine, particularly for knee injuries, are now used for the general population. Rehabilitation prepares an injured athlete to return to activity after initial treatment.
Pediatrics involves the development, care, and treatment of children from birth through adolescence. This encompasses a broad spectrum of health services ranging from preventive health care, well-baby exams, immunizations, and school physicals.
We routinely immunize children against such infectious diseases as influenza, meningitis, measles, mumps, and chicken pox. Specialized areas of pediatrics include immunology, adolescent health, cardiology, emergency medicine, surgery and diseases of special organs and systems.