Sports medicine specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating injuries related to participating in sports and/or exercise, specifically the rotation or deformation of joints or muscles caused by engaging in athletic or sports-related physical activities.
Sports Medicine can be categorized into a few different aspects: Preparation, or conditioning, uses diet, exercises, and monitoring of practice sessions to improve performance. Prevention identifies any predisposition to injury or illness and covers warm-up, stretching, and use of protective equipment. Several surgical techniques developed in sports medicine, particularly for knee injuries, are now used for the general population. Rehabilitation prepares an injured athlete to return to activity after initial treatment.